Glossary Of Water Treatment Industry Terms . . ."W"
water conditioning - Virtually
any form of water treatment designed to improve the aesthetic quality
of water by the neutralization, inhibition or removal of undesirable
substances. (Not health related.)
water cycle - See hydrologic
water hammer - A shock
wave or series of waves produced by the abrupt acceleration or deceleration
of water flow, due to inertia. Water hammer may produce instantaneous
pressures many times the normal pressure.
water softening - The
removal of calcium and magnesium, the ions which are the principle cause
of hardness, from water.
water table - The level
of the top of the zone of saturation, in which free water exists in
the pores and crevices of rocks and other earth strata.
weak base load faction x - Is referred to as the "Theoretical Mineral Acidity (TMA). It is the sum of the chloride, sulfate, and nitrate.